Deforestation

  • Deforestation entails clearing the earth’s forest on a massive scale and has major ramifications such as altering the climate. This happens because trees play a vital role in lowering temperatures, reducing energy usage and removing air pollutants. Moreover, as the trees grow, they absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and use it in the carbon cycle. In this regard, deforestation also contributes to global warming because cutting down trees releases carbon dioxide into the environment. Similarly, deforestation leads to disruption of the water cycle because forests play a key role in maintaining some sort of balance between the water in the atmosphere and the water on the land. In this respect, cutting down trees upsets the water cycle balance and alters precipitation and the river flow.

    Another potential result of deforestation is the loss of wildlife’s natural habitat, thus reducing biodiversity. This is because the destroyed trees are no more able to support the present species. Subsequently, organisms are destroyed and displaced. In fact, when species lose their forest homes, they are unable to subsist on less resources and their numbers begin to decrease. Most species become extinct in the process. There has also been an emerging trend when wild animals relocate to urban areas due to massive deforestation. Wild animals like snakes and bats are forced to look for new habitat and end up in villages inhabited by humans. This poses imminent danger to individuals. Other animals are killed as humans try to capture them, thus contributing to further loss of biodiversity. Deforestation also leads to displacement of indigenous communities as well as disruption of their traditional way of life. The encroachment proves their rights are not acknowledged as their resources and means of livelihood are being taken away.

    Soil erosion can also be a potential result of deforestation. The tree roots play an integral role in anchoring the soil, thus preventing it from being blown or washed away. Therefore, deforestation eliminates trees that anchor fertile soil causing erosion which can easily sweep the land into rivers. Soil erosion can have major ramifications pertinent to the vegetation growth problems because all the nutrients are carried away by water. Moreover, the eroded soil can lead to silt entering the lakes which can have an impact on water decreasing its quality. Consequently, this contributes to poor public health. Furthermore, soil erosion increases the vulnerability to flooding because deforestation leaves fewer trees to retain water flooding. Deforestation has been the major contributor to desertification when fertile land becomes a desert. This leads to the loss of vegetation when the soil becomes dry and the groundwater is lost. As a result, the soil is left barren and unfertile.

    The ultimate solution to deforestation is to discontinue cutting down trees. Similarly, there should be implementation of rules and regulations that control deforestation. Individuals can also embrace sustainable forestry, which involves timber harvesting methods that have little damage on the environment. Moreover, people should also be encouraged to plant more trees after the logging process. The repercussions caused by deforestation can also be controlled though proper stewardship that ensures all land laws are being complied with. The stewardship also ensures the rights of indigenous people are not violated. The governments can also play a role in the reduction of deforestation by offering benefits to the nations that reduce deforestation. Moreover, the governments can have the initiative of instigating and encouraging tree planting programs. Consumers can also play a role in the reduction of deforestation by putting pressure on the companies with bad environmental practices. The significance of controlling deforestation should not be downplayed because reducing emissions from deforestation is less expensive than reducing emissions from fossil fuel combustion as well as other industrial sources.

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