Types and structure of clockwork

  • What is a watch made of? Surely, every person asked such a question. In this article we will tell you about the types, structure and principle of operation of mechanisms in a wristwatch. The clockwork is the heart of the device, which energizes it. The system works thanks to it: the hands on the dial move, the alarm rings, the calendar and chronograph function.

    At the moment, there are two main types of watch movements: using the energy of a spiral (mechanical) and electrical impulses (quartz). Combined options are also available. It is worth noting that the electronic clock works at the expense of a quartz movement, the only difference is in the implementation of energy transfer. Next, we will take a closer look at the device and principles of operation of both types.

    The device and principle of operation of the mechanism with balance
    The principle of operation of the two types of devices, as well as the number of parts, is fundamentally different. Consider a completely mechanical device.

    Below is a diagram of how it is built and what elements the caliber consists of. More precisely, a caliber in watchmaking refers to the size of the movement, the features of its location and the configuration of its constituent parts.

    Calibers include letters and numbers in the name, in which the manufacturer and functionality are often encrypted. The diameter of the movement is measured in millimeters or in lines (1 line - 2.255mm). An important component of the mechanism is stones. Until 1902, real precious rubies were used, now artificial ones. They serve one purpose - to reduce friction between parts that occurs during operation. With the increase in the functions of the mechanism, the number of stones increases.

    The source of energy in a mechanical watch is a coil spring located inside the barrel. When the watch is wound, it spins, and when untwisted, it transmits an impulse to the drum, which, during rotation, makes the entire mechanism work.